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Description

Lightning Strike Electrical Injury

Types of Lightning Strikes: Direct, Side Splash, Contact injury, Ground current

ELECTRICAL INJURIES: Primary determination of injury extent = amount of CURRENT flowing through body.

VARIABLES: voltage, amperage, resistance, type of current (AC/DC), duration, pathway.

INJURY TYPES:

1. Low-Voltage <1000V

2. High-Voltage >1000V - typically seen in industrial settings or  power line injuries.Associated with electrical burns

3. Lightning Strike

4. Electric Arc- associated with high voltage source

5. Blast force may result in trauma.

DC- direct current (lightening)

AC- alternating (household)

ORGAN SYSTEMS:

1. CARDIAC: asytole or Vfib prehospital. At presentation, most common is Afib.

2. VASC: necrosis, coagulation, compartment syndrome

3. CNS- stroke, seizure, syncope

4. ORTHO-  fracture/dislocate

5. OCULAR-  cataracts (later on)

6. GI

7. DERM - various burns



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Contributed by

Dr. Gerald Diaz
@GeraldMD
Board Certified Internal Medicine Hospitalist, GrepMed Editor in Chief πŸ‡΅πŸ‡­ πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ - Sign up for an account to like, bookmark and upload images to contribute to our community platform. Follow us on IG:  https://www.instagram.com/grepmed/ | Twitter: https://twitter.com/grepmeded/
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