Pediatric Parasomnias and Nightmares: Pathogenesis ...
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Description

Pediatric Parasomnias and Nightmares: Pathogenesis and clinical findings



Parasomnias - Micro-arousal episodes during SWS ->

Intense activation of autonomic nervous system, Persisting sleep during episode -> Inhibition of full arousal systems -> 

 • Variable amnesia for the event

 • Partial arousal but no complete awakening

 • Speech

 • Flushed skin

 • Body movement

 • Loud cry for help

 • Fearful facial expression



Nightmares - Frightening/unpleasant dreams during REMS ->

Intensely disturbing dream mentation, Moderate activation of autonomic nervous system -> 

 • Fear/anxiety and other dysphoric emotions upon awakening

 • Awakening from sleep

 • Immediate memory upon awakening



#Parasomnias #Nightmares #Pediatrics #Peds #pathophysiology #symptoms #pharmacology #diagnosis 
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The Calgary Guide to Understanding Disease
@TheCalgaryGuide
Account created for The Calgary Guide to Understanding Disease - Linking pathophysiology to clinical presentation - http://calgaryguide.ucalgary.ca/
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