Aortic dissection on Cardiac CTA

This is a amazing gated CTA showing a real time cine clip of a dissecting aortic aneurysm. This was a cardiac CTA done for chest pain, and this huge Sanford Type A aortic dissection was discovered!

A Type A dissection is an intimal tear of the ascending aorta, whereas a Type B involves the descending aorta. A Type B dissection is usually managed medically with BP control, whereas a Type A dissection is a cardiac surgical emergency.

If not treated with emergent surgical correction, 50% of patients will die within 48 hours, and 75% will die in 2 weeks. This is the one true cardiac surgical emergency.

Almost always patients will have chest pain that may radiate to the back and have a “tearing” quality. Commonly patients are hypertensive, may have variable blood pressures in both arms, and can have a wide mediastinum on chest X-ray. Of course one can have a dissection even in the absence of any of these findings!

Diagnosis is usually made by a CT scan of the chest with contrast. In this case they were looking for CAD with a Cardiac coronary CTA which incidentally picked up the dissection, and gave us a free look at a gated cine sequence that is quite amazing! The diagnosis can also be made quite accurately with a TEE as well as an MRA.

Original case via Twitter from Dr. Alireza Maghsoudi

- Ali Haider MD, FACC - @yourheartdoc

#Aortic #dissection #CardiacCTA #CCTA #clinical #cardiology #radiology #aorta
Contributed by

Dr. Gerald Diaz
Board Certified Internal Medicine Hospitalist, GrepMed Editor in Chief 🇵🇭 🇺🇸 - Sign up for an account to like, bookmark and upload images to contribute to our community platform. Follow us on IG:  https://www.instagram.com/grepmed/ | Twitter: https://twitter.com/grepmeded/

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