Endocarditis is inflammation of the endocardium, the inner layer of the heart.

#Endocarditis+Osler - Osler nodes: painful red/violaceous nodules usually found on the pads of fingers and toes;
#Endocarditis+Janeway - Janeway lesions: non painful red macules found on the palms and soles;
#Endocarditis+Roth - Roth spots: a red hemorrhagic lesion of the retina with a characteristic white center representing fibrin-platelet plugs;
#Endocarditis+Splinter - Splinter hemorrhages: subungual hemorrhages appearing as linear non blanching brown-red lesions on the nail beds.

physicalexam echocardiogram osler duke janeway pocus differential