Causes of Painful Ophthalmoplegia - Differential Diagnosis
 ...
378
Description

Causes of Painful Ophthalmoplegia - Differential Diagnosis

 • Trauma

 • Autoimmune:

     1. Sarcoidosis

     2. GPA

     3. Eosinophilic granuloma

     4. Tolosa-Hunt syndrome

     5. Giant cell arteritis

 • Infectious:

     1. Bacterial: Treponema pallidum, contiguous sinusitis, mucocele, periostitis, abscess

     2. Viral: Herpes zoster

     3. Fungal: Mucormycosis, actinomycosis

     4. Mycobacteria

 • Vascular:

     1. Carotid-cavernous fistula

     2. Carotid-cavernous thrombosis

     3. Aneurysms of the intracavernous carotid artery, posterior cerebral artery, or posterior communicating artery

     4. Internal carotid artery dissection

 • Neoplastic:

     1. Intracranial tumors: pituitary adenoma, meningioma, and craniopharyngioma

     2. Local metastases: nasopharyngeal tumor, squamous cell carcinoma

     3. Other distant tumors: Lymphoma, Multiple myeloma, carcinomatous metastases

 • Others: ophthalmoplegic migraine

 • Image-negative:

     1. Ocular diabetic neuropathy

     2. Ophthalmoplegic migraine

     3. "Benign" Tolosa-Hunt syndrome



#Painful #Ophthalmoplegia #Causes #Differential Diagnosis #ophthalmology 
Medical jobs
view all

0 Comments

Related content