Pericardiocentesis
Most Common Approach: Subxiphoid
Equipment: ...
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Description

Pericardiocentesis

Most Common Approach: Subxiphoid

Equipment: could be as simple as large bore LP needle with syringe OR a complete pericardiocentesis kit

Insertion: between Xiphistemum and left costal margin

Trajectory: 30-45 degrees to the skin aimed towards left shoulder

- ideally performed under US guidance

PEARLS:

- bend needle concave upwards and insert until you hit the rib, then withdraw needle and apply downward pressure, keeping needle parallel with patient to sneak needle underneath rib and into pericardium (similar to subclavian CVC approach)

- connect needle to IV tubing and 3-way stopcock to allow "push-pull" technique for easier drainage of large effusions



- MH/CCF/CWRU EM Res @MetroHealth_EM



#Pericardiocentesis #instructions #management 
Contributed by

Dr. Gerald Diaz
@GeraldMD
Board Certified Internal Medicine Hospitalist, GrepMed Editor in Chief πŸ‡΅πŸ‡­ πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ - Sign up for an account to like, bookmark and upload images to contribute to our community platform. Follow us on IG:  https://www.instagram.com/grepmed/ | Twitter: https://twitter.com/grepmeded/
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