Oropharyngeal and Esophageal Causes of Dysphagia - ...

Oropharyngeal and Esophageal Causes of Dysphagia - Differential Diagnosis
Oropharyngeal Dysphagia
 • Neuromuscular causes: CVA/CNS tumor/ALS, Parkinson's, Myasthenia gravis/Lambert Eaton, Muscular dystrophy
 • Structural causes: 
     - Intrinsic compression: Zenker's diverticulum, cervical ring/web/stricture, luminal malignancy
     - Extrinsic compression: Head/Neck Malignancy, Anterior mediastinal mass (4 T's), Goiter
Esophageal Dysphagia
 • Neuromuscular causes: 
     - Non-relaxation of EG junction: Achalasia, EG junction outflow obstruction
     - Abnormal peristalsis: Absent Contractility, Ineffective Esophageal Motility, Fragmented Peristalsis, Esophageal Spasm, Hypercontractile Esophagus
     - Systemic sclerosis
     - Functional dysphagia
 • Structural causes:
     - Intrinsic compression: Schatzki Ring, Plummer-Vinson Web, Strictures from esophagitis (GERD, pills, eosinophils, infections), Luminal malignancy
     - Extrinsic compression: Vascular ring, anterior mediastinal mass, enlarged aorta/heart

Dr. Anthony Xu @AnthonyXuMD

#Oropharyngeal #Esophageal #Dysphagia #Differential #Diagnosis #causes #gastroenterology
Contributed by

Dr. Gerald Diaz
Board Certified Internal Medicine Hospitalist, GrepMed Editor in Chief 🇵🇭 🇺🇸 - Sign up for an account to like, bookmark and upload images to contribute to our community platform. Follow us on IG:  https://www.instagram.com/grepmed/ | Twitter: https://twitter.com/grepmeded/
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