ExtraCorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) Fundamentals
• ExtraCorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) provides prolonged pulmonary and/or circulatory support by removing venous blood, pumping it across an artificial lung (oxygenator or membrane lung) for gas exchange, & returning it to the pt.
• VV ECMO: artificially oxygenated Venous blood is returned to the Venous side (right atrium), providing no circulatory support, & adding the artificial lung in series with the native lung
• VA ECMO: artificially oxygenated Venous blood is returned to the Arterial side (aorta), providing circulatory support, and adding artificial lung in parallel with the native lung.
• VV: Refractory hypoxemia/mixed respiratorv failure used as a bridge to recovery or transplant
• ECCO2R: Refractory hypercapnia similar to VV but with lower flow/smaller sized cannula
• VA: Pulmonary & Circulatory Support (VA) - cardiac arrest, overdose, massive PE, cardiogenic shock, etc. Used as a bridge to recovery, transplant, or destination device.
by Nick Mark MD @nickmmark
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