Evaluation and Management of Hypokalemia

Hypokalemia ...
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Evaluation and Management of Hypokalemia


Hypokalemia is often asymptomatic. Evaluation begins with a search for warning signs or symptoms warranting urgent treatment.  These include weakness or palpitations, changes on electrocardiography (ECG), severe hypokalemia (less than 2.5 mEq per L [2.5 mmol per L]), rapid-onset hypokalemia, or underlying heart disease or cirrhosis. Most cases of hypokalemia-induced rhythm disturbances occur in individuals with underlying heart disease.  Early identification of transcellular shifts is important because management may differ. Identification and treatment of concurrent hypomagnesemia are also important because magnesium depletion impedes potassium repletion and can exacerbate hypokalemia-induced rhythm disturbances.


#Diagnosis #Hypokalemia #Evaluation #Algorithm
Contributed by

Dr. Gerald Diaz
@GeraldMD
Board Certified Internal Medicine Hospitalist, GrepMed Editor in Chief πŸ‡΅πŸ‡­ πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ - Sign up for an account to like, bookmark and upload images to contribute to our community platform. Follow us on IG:  https://www.instagram.com/grepmed/ | Twitter: https://twitter.com/grepmeded/
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