Principal patterns of loss of sensation.
 (a) Thalamic ...

Principal patterns of loss of sensation.

 (a) Thalamic lesion: sensory loss throughout opposite side (rare). 

 (b) Brainstem lesion: contralateral sensory loss below face and ipsilateral loss on face. 

 (c) Central cord lesion, e.g. 

syrinx: 'suspended' areas of loss, often asymmetrical and 'dissociated', i.e. pain and temperature loss but light touch intact. 

 (d) Hemisection of cord/unilateral cord lesion = Brown—Séquard syndrome: contralateral spinothalamic (pain and 

temperature) loss with ipsilateral weakness and dorsal column loss below lesion. 

 (e) Transverse cord lesion: loss of all 

modalities, including motor, below lesion. 

 (f) Dorsal column lesion, e.g. MS: loss of proprioception, vibration and light 


 (g) Individual sensory root lesions, e.g. C6, T5, L4. 

 (h) Polyneuropathy: distal sensory loss. 

#Diagnosis #Neurology #Patterns #Sensory #Sensation #Loss #Deficit #Distribution #BrownSequard #Bilaterality

** GrepMed Recommended Text: Comprehensive Review in Clinical Neurology -
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