Clinical Algorithm for Emergency Department Evaluation and Management of UTI in Febrile Infants and Young Children
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common serious bacterial infection in infants and young children. This algorithm applies to infants or children 2 to 24 months of age presenting to
an emergency department with fever, in whom UTI can be a possible source. This algorithm was developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Emergency Medicine in the
interest of advancing pediatric healthcare. Guidelines are based on current literature and expert consensus. They are subject to change as new evidence emerges. Guidelines are not
applicable for all patients and do not replace clinical judgement. Ultimately, the patient’s physician must determine the most appropriate care.
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