Rhombencephalitis
BACTERIAL
- Listeria (biphasic ...
462
Description

Rhombencephalitis

BACTERIAL

- Listeria (biphasic illness with bulbar dysfunction occurring later)

- Mycobacterium tuberculosis

- Pneumococcus

- Brucella

- Borrelia (Lyme Disease)

- Salmonella

- Legionella

- Mycoplasma

- Melioidosis

- Nocardia

VIRAL

- Enteroviruses (Enterovirus 71, Bulbar polio, Coxsackievirus A16, Echovirus)

- Flaviviruses (Japanese encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, West Nile virus)

- Herpes Viruses (HSV, EBV, HH6, CMV, VZV)

- Rabies

- Eastern Equine Encephalitis

- Adenovirus

- Influenza A

FUNGAL

- Aspergillus

- Mucormycosis

- Paracoccidioidomycosis

PARASITIC

- Neurocysticercosis

- Toxoplasmosis

AUTOIMMUNE/VASCULITIS

- Behcet Disease

- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

- Relapsing polychondritis

- Sjogren's syndrome

- Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease

- Bickerstaff syndrome (bulbar symptoms similar to myasthenia, Miller-Fisher GBS; Positive for anti-ganglioside antibody GQ1b)

- Sarcoidosis

NEOPLASTIC/PARANEOPLASTIC

- Cerebellar degeneration

- opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome

- brain stem encephalitis

- small cell lung cancer

- lymphoma

OTHERS

- Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis

- Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy



Dr. Kushal Vaishnani @k_vaishnani



#Rhombencephalitis #Differential #Diagnosis #Causes #Neurology
Contributed by

Dr. Gerald Diaz
@GeraldMD
Board Certified Internal Medicine Hospitalist, GrepMed Editor in Chief πŸ‡΅πŸ‡­ πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ - Sign up for an account to like, bookmark and upload images to contribute to our community platform. Follow us on IG:  https://www.instagram.com/grepmed/ | Twitter: https://twitter.com/grepmeded/
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