List of Zoonotic Diseases

Armadillos - Sporothrix ...
334
Description

List of Zoonotic Diseases



Armadillos - Sporothrix schenckii (sporotrichosis), Mycobacterium leprae (leprosy)

Bamboo rats - Talaromyces marneffei (formerly Penicillium marneffei)

Beavers - Giardia lamblia

Bat - Histoplasma capsulatum, Rabies

Birds - Chlamydophila psittaci (psittacosis)

Cats - Bartonella henselae (cat scratch or bite), Coxiella burnetii (placental exposure), Pasteurella multocida (bite), Toxocara cati (cat feces), Toxoplasma gondii (cat feces)

Cattle - Brucellosis abortus (brucellosis), Coxiella burnetii (Q fever), Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium caprae, Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm), Prions (variant CJD)

Chipmunk - La Crosse virus

Dogs - Capnocytophaga canimorsus (dog bite), Echinococcus granulosus (dog feces), Staphylococcus intermedius (dog bite), Toxocara canis (dog feces)

Elephants - Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Fish (Direct contact/contaminated water or raw consumption) - Anisakis simplex (raw consumption), Clonorchis sinensis (raw consumption), Opisthorchis viverrini (raw consumption), Diphyllobothrium Iatum (raw consumption), Edwardsiella tarda, Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, Gnathostoma spinigerum (raw consumption), Mycobacterium marinum (fish tank granuloma), Streptococcus iniae

Fleas - Rickettsia typhi (murine/endemic typhus), Yersinia Pestis (plague)

Flying squirrels - Rickettsia prowazekii (Epidemic typhus)

Flies - Onchocerca volvulus (blackfly), Leishmania spp. (sandfly), Bartonella bacilliformis/Oroya fever (sandfly), Trypanosoma brucei (tsetse fly), Loa loa (deer fly), Myiasis (fly larva)

Foxes - Echinococcus multilocularis

Goats - Brucellosis melitensis (brucellosis), Coxiella burnetii (Q fever)

Hamsters - Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus

Horses - Rhodococcus equi

Iguanas and other reptiles - Salmonella spp.

Jackals (wild carnivores and domestic dogs) - Rabies

Kangaroo - Coxiella burnetii (Q fever)

Leeches - Aeromonas hydrophila

Lice (associated with homelessness, poor living condition) - Bartonella quintana (trench fever), Borrelia recurrentis (louse-borne relapsing fever), Rickettsia prowazekii (epidemic fever)

Macaques (old world monkeys) - Herpes B virus

Mites - Rickettsia akari (rickettsialpox), Orientia tsutsugamushi (scrub typhus)

Mosquitoes - Chikungunya virus, Dengue virus, Yellow fever virus, Zika virus

Plasmodium spp., Encephalitis viruses (West Nile, St. Louis, Eastem equine, Western equine, La Crosse, Japanese encephalitis), Wuchereria bancrofti (lymphatic filariasis) 

Oysters - Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus

Pigeons (droppings) - Cryptococcus neoformans, Histoplasma capsulatum

Pigs - Balantidium coli, Brucellosis suis (brucellosis), Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, Hepatitis E, Nipah virus (encephalitis), Taenia solium, Ingested cysts in undercooked meat (pork tapeworm), Ingested eggs from feces (cysticercosis)

Poultry - Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp.

Prairie dogs - Yersinia pestis, Monkeypox

Quack, quack (ducks)! - Chlamydophila psittaci (psittacosis) rare

Rabbits - Francisella tularensis

Raccoons - Baylisascaris procyonis (raccoon roundworm)

Rats - Hanta virus, Lassa fever, Leptospira interrogans (leptospirosis), Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, Spirillum minus (rat bite fever), Streptobacillus moniliformis (rat bite fever), Yersinia pestis (plague)

Reduviid bug (kissing bug) - Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas disease)

Seals - Mycobacterium pinnipedii

Sheep - Brucellosis melitensis (brucellosis), Coxiella burnetii (Q fever), Poxvirus (orf)

Squirrels - Bornavirus

Ticks: Dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis), Deer tick (Ixodes scapularis), Lone Star tick (Amblyomma americanum) - Rickettsia rickettsii (Rocky Mountain spotted fever), Francisella tularensis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti, Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia miyamotoi, Powassan virus, Ehrlichia chaffeensis, Francisella tularensis, STARI, Heartland virus, Bourbon virus

Turtles - Clostridium botulinum, Salmonella spp. (like other reptiles)

Urchins (a spiny marine creature) - Vibrio alginolyticus

Voles - Mycobacterium microti

Wild boars - Trichinellas iralis (trichinosis)

Yaks - Echinococcus granulosus (hydatid cyst)



Comprehensive Review of Infectious Diseases https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0323568661/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=grepmed-20&camp=1789&creative=9325&linkCode=as2&creativeASIN=0323568661&linkId=45a2c2602567298a82d61da6047b1362



#Zoonotic #zoonoses #differential #diagnosis #InfectiousDiseases #table #list
Contributed by

Dr. Gerald Diaz
@GeraldMD
Board Certified Internal Medicine Hospitalist, GrepMed Editor in Chief πŸ‡΅πŸ‡­ πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ - Sign up for an account to like, bookmark and upload images to contribute to our community platform. Follow us on IG:  https://www.instagram.com/grepmed/ | Twitter: https://twitter.com/grepmeded/
0 Comments

Related content