Causes of Hypomagnesemia
Redistribution:
 - IV glucose
 ...
476
Description

Causes of Hypomagnesemia

Redistribution:

 - IV glucose

 - Correction of diabetic ketoacidosis

 - IV hyperalimentation

 - Refeeding after starvation

 - Acute pancreatitis

 - Postparathyroidectomy (hungry bone syndrome)

 - Osteoblastic metastasis (hungry bone syndrome)

Extrarenal loss:

 - Nasogastric suction (infrequent)

 - Lactation

 - Profuse sweating, burns, sepsis

 - Intestinal or biliary fistula

 - Diarrhea

Decreased intake:

 - Alcoholism (cirrhosis)

 - Malnutntion, poor intake

 - Small bowel resection

 - Malabsorption (steatorrhea)

Renal loss:

 - Ketoacidosis

 - Saline or osmotic diuresis

 - Potassium depletion

 - Phosphorus depletion

 - Familial hypophosphatemia

 - Tubulointerstitial renal disease

Drugs:

 - Loop diuretics

 - Aminoglycosides

 - Amphotericin B

 - Vitamin D intoxication

 - Alcohol

 - Cisplatin

 - Theophylline

 - Proton pump inhibitors

 - Calcineurin inhibitors (cyclosporine, tacrolimus)

Endocrine disorders:

 - Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion

 - Hyperthyroidism

 - Hyperparathyroidism

 - Hypercalcemic states

 - Primary or secondary aldosteronism



#Hypomagnesemia #Causes #diagnosis #differential #medications #drugs #pharmacology #hypomg
Contributed by

Manual of Medicine
@ManualOfMedicine
Dedicated to sharing medical news, information and educational materials 

-

https://twitter.com/ManualOMedicine | https://www.facebook.com/manualofmedicine/
0 Comments

Related content