Hyperuricemia: Pathogenesis and Complications

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Hyperuricemia: Pathogenesis and Complications



 - Hypercalcemia (due to diseases like Sarcoidosis and Hyperparathyroidism) -> Accumulation of calcium in renal tubules 

 - ACE-inhibitors, Cyclosporine -> Inhibit vasoconstriction of efferent arteriole in the nephron -> Decr Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)

-> decr ability of kidneys to filter uric acid from the blood

- Tubular Poisons (Low dose salicylates, diuretics, organic acids like lactic acid and keto-acids) -> Poisons the distal convoluted tubule in the nephron -> Decr secretion of uric acid from the blood into the nephron -> Under-excretion of Uric Acid



Lympho-proliferative disorders (Hemolysis, Psoriasis) -> Rapid turnover and lysis of cells (RBCs, WBCs, and skin cells) -> Incr Breakdown of DNA -> Release of purine bases -> Over-production of uric acid



>> Hyperuricemia: Accumulation of abnormally high uric acid levels n the blood



#Hyperuricemia #Pathophysiology #Complications #Gout 
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Account created for The Calgary Guide to Understanding Disease - Linking pathophysiology to clinical presentation - http://calgaryguide.ucalgary.ca/
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