Causes of Sore Throat / Rhinorrhea - Differential Diagnosis ...
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Causes of Sore Throat / Rhinorrhea - Differential Diagnosis Algorithm

Common viral pathogens: Rhinovirus, Coronavirus, Influenza virus, Parainfluenza Virus, Adenovirus, Herpes Simplex Virus, Enterovirus (Coxsackie, Echo), Epstein Barr Virus, Cytomegalovirus, HIV

Most common bacterial pathogen: Group A Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus pyogenes (GABHS)

Acute Predominantly Rhinorrhea

 • Acute Viral Sinusitis

 • Acute Bacterial Sinusitis

 • Acute Head Cold Syndrome

Chronic Predominantly Rhinorrhea

 • Allergic/Vasomotor/Drug Rhinitis

 • Nasal Polyposis

 • Chronic Sinusitis

 • Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Predominantly Sore Throat - Acute Viral

 • Acute viral Pharyngitis

 • Acute Influenza

 • Acute Viral Laryngotracheitis

 • Acute Viral Tracheobronchitis

 • Acute Infectious Mononucleosis

 • Herpangina

Predominantly Sore Throat - Acute Bacterial:

 • Streptococcal Tonsillopharyngitis

 • Peritonsillar Abscess

 • Ludwig' s Angina

Predominantly Sore Throat - Chronic:

 • GERD

 • Environmental

 • Foreign Body

 • Neoplasm



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