Low Ankle Sprain: Pathomechanics and Clinical Findings
Grading Ligament Sprains
l: Minimal ligament disruption, mild swelling & tenderness, no laxity.
II: Incomplete tear of the ligament substance leading to detectable joint laxity. Moderate pain, swelling and tenderness.
Ill: Complete tear of the ligament substance leading to gross laxity. Severe pain, swelling, tenderness and ecchymosis.
• The ATFL is the most commonly injured ligament in ankle sprains. With stronger forces the CFL is also injured (uncommonly injured on its own)
• PTFL is rarely injured
• Osteophytes, loose bodies and subchondral sclerosis
#LowAnkleSprain #Sports #MSK #orthopedics #Grading #Grades #Diagnosis #pathophysiology