Orthopedic Fracture Classification - Upper Limbs
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Orthopedic Fracture Classification - Upper Limbs

Neer Classification of Proximal Humeral head Fractures:

 • 1-part

 • 2-part: GT, GN, LN (rare)

 • 3-part: GT+GN, LT+SN (RARE) 

 • 4-part: "Classic", “VALGUS IMPACTED”

 • Articular Loss: Impression Fracture, Head Split

Gartland’s Classification of Supracondylar Fracture of Humerus:

    Type I: undisplaced or minimally displaced fractures.

    Type II: displaced with posterior cortex intact

    Type III: displaced with no cortical intact

Monteggia Fracture: Fracture shaft of ulnar, together with disruption of the proximal radioulnar joint and dislocation of radiocapitallar joint

Galeazzi Fracture: Distal third of radius with dislocation or subluxation of distal radio-ulnar joint

Colles' Fracture: A distal fracture of the radius with dorsal (posterior) displacement of the wrist and hand

Smith's Fracture: A distal fracture of the radius with volar (ventral) displacement of the wrist and hand

Barton's Fracture: An intra-articular fracture of the distal radius with dislocation of the radiocarpal joint

Essex-Lopresti Fracture: A fracture of the radial head with concomitant dislocation of the distal radio-ulnar joint with disruption of the interosseous membrane

Frykman Classification of Distal Radial Fractures:

 • Type I: Extra-articular radial fracture

 • Type II: Extra-articular radial fracture with an ulnar fracture

 • Type III: Intra-articular fracture of the radiocarpal joint without an ulnar fracture

 • Type IV: Intra-articular fracture of the radius with an ulnar fracture

 • Type V: Fracture of the radioulnar joint

 • Type VI: Fracture into the radioulnar joint with an ulnar fracture

 • Type VII: Intra-articular fracture involving radiocarpal and radoulnar joints

 • Type VIII: Intra-articular fracture involving radiocarpal and radoulnar joints with an ulnar fracture

Fracture of base of the first metacarpal bone:

    A) Bennett

    B) Rolando Y

    B') Rolando T

    C) Comminuted



#Fracture #Classification #Upper #Limbs #Orthopedics #diagnosis 
Contributed by

Dr. Gerald Diaz
@GeraldMD
Board Certified Internal Medicine Hospitalist, GrepMed Editor in Chief 🇵🇭 🇺🇸 - Sign up for an account to like, bookmark and upload images to contribute to our community platform. Follow us on IG:  https://www.instagram.com/grepmed/ | Twitter: https://twitter.com/grepmeded/
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