Spinal Cord Disorders - Differential Diagnosis
Compression ...

Spinal Cord Disorders - Differential Diagnosis

Compression of the spinal cord:

 - Herniated disc

 - Epidural abscess

 - Epidural hemorrhage

 - Cervical spondylosis

 - Epidural, intradural or intermedullary neoplasm

 - Postraumatic compression by fractured vertebral body

Noncompressive spinal Cord Causes

1. Inflammation: Multiple sclerosis, Transverse myelitis, Neuromyelitis optics, Sarcoidosis, Radiation myelopathy, Spinal Injuries

2. Infections: 

   - Viral: VZV, HSV, HIV, CMV, HTLV, Infiuenza, EBV, Dengue, Measles, mumps, WNV

   - Parasite: Schistosomiasis Toxoplasmosis, Neurocysticercosis

   - Bacterial: Borrelia, Treponema, Listeria, TB, Spinal abscess- hematogenous spread

   - Fungal: Actinomyces, Blastomyces dermatitidis, Coccidioides,Aspergillus

3. Vascular/BIockage of the blood supply: AVM, Antiphospholipid and other hypercoagulable states, Hemorrhage, Ant. Spinal artery thrombosis

4. Toxic metabolic: Chemotherapy, Radiation myelopathy, Vit B 12 and copper levels

5. Inflammatory: Sarcoidosis, Behcet disease, SLE, Scleroderma, Systemic Sclerosis, MCTD, Siogrens syndrome

#spinalcord #disorders #diagnosis #neurology #differential 
Contributed by

Dr. Ravi Singh K
Academic Hospitalist and APD @SinaiBmoreIMRes, Clinical reasoning,Simulation and POCUS enthusiast - https://twitter.com/rav7ks
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